The atom of element is a rotating ring-system
that undergoes creation and dissolution processes in every 2 x 10-52
second. An atom, therefore, resembles a fiercely rotating wheel. It
has seven primary rings and thousands of sub-rings, which rotate in
anti-clockwise direction around a common center. The velocity of
each primary ring or sub-ring depends on its proximity to the center
of rotation. The velocity of a ring that is nearer to the center, is
larger than that of a ring which is further away from the center.
There is no nucleus or sub-atomic particle at the center of
rotation. The magnitude of the rotational velocity of each ring of
the atom determines the latter's characteristics and properties..