"As I See and Realize"



ISBN: 9788184652017 (Paperback)

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Author's Notes

May 21, 2010
 
  • I see the Cosmos as an object of careful creation - not created with a probability theory or an uncertainty principle. Nothing is uncertain in it as everything follows a set of principles or laws. If we have the slightest belief that there exists a Creator for creating such fabulous stars and planets, He must have planned and executed their creation by setting up a well-defined set of laws. If visible bodies on the Earth follow definite laws, the sub-atomic particles and cosmic bodies must be following precise laws. Because we can not see them through naked eyes or microscopes or telescopes, we must not follow presumptions or assumptions as to their appearances and activities.










Author           

  • There is no infiniteness in the Cosmos. Everything is finite and measurable. When we are unable to measure something because of its vastness, we presume infiniteness in it. There is no randomness too in the Cosmos. Every action of matter is definite as it follows a defined set of laws. If a coin is tossed up several times by a machine in such a way that each time the coin reaches the same height and falls to the same place after spinning same number of times, each time the coin will show the same side. Because human actions at different times are usually different, they tend to follow some probability principles.

  • At the time of creation, the initial orbital velocity of ppS5 and that of each of the primary particles of the solar planets were 1.3436928 x 1026 km/sec and 1.3436928 x 1011 km/sec (chart III, page 49) respectively. On the Earth, the velocity of light is around 3 x 105 km/sec and the velocity of a sub-atomic particle is known to be less than that. Following the rules of chain reaction (refer to page 89 of the book) in any environment, no particle can be accelerated, at the present state of the Cosmos, to attain a velocity of the order of 1011 km/sec or more. Besides, no primary particle with a rotational or projectile velocity of 1.3436928 x 1026 km/sec can now be created by any means. Therefore, the fundamental questions in Physics including those regarding the Creation process can not and will not be answered by the Large Hedron Collider (LHC) experiment.

  • July 9, 2010

    • Experimental Verification of the Model

      A scientific model can not be trusted until the laws based on which the model is established, are experimentally proved. But we can not recreate the initial conditions of Creation because no particle can be made to achieve the rotational or initial orbital velocity of the central primary particle (or ppS6) at the current state of the Cosmos (refer to the last paragraph of Author's Notes dated May 21, 2010). Nor can a capsule-size Cosmos be reproduced in a laboratory because the inherent nature of a Cosmos is to rapidly inflate itself within a short period of time after creation.

      If the laws that define a model, are static, the model remains true at all times. Therefore, using these laws, at a given time, if the parameters of the cosmic bodies in the Cosmos are determined and found to be tallying with the observed data, the laws can be said to be true.

      In the Chapter X, I have deliberately calculated the present values of the parameters of Q-cosmic bodies so that an observer can identify the Q-cosmic bodies in our galaxy by using them. Our Sun is stated as QS1 star which orbits around a particular QS2 star which again orbits around a particular QS3 star that orbits around the black cosmic body (or black hole) of our galaxy called QS4 (refer to Diagram A in Criticisms / Answers page).

      The QS2 star, at present, is only around 8 x 1011 km away from us. If the velocity of light is taken to be 3 x 105 km/sec, the time taken by the light rays to travel from the QS2 star to the Earth = (8 x 1011) / (3 x 105) seconds or 31 days approximately (1 Earth year = 360 days). So if you observe the QS2 star now, you find a picture of it which is approximately 31 days old. But at the present state of the Cosmos when the rate of its deflation is very low, the distance between the Earth and the QS2 star does not change significantly in around 31 days. Therefore, if you can identify a star in our galaxy, which is around 8 x 1011 km away from us and has a radius of 6952405 km and orbital velocity of 12.91241632 km/sec (refer to page 47 - present parameters of QS2), the star is definitely the QS2 star.

      Similarly, you can identify the QS3 star in our galaxy. The distance between the Earth and the QS3 star is presently around 8 x 1014 km. Therefore, the time taken by the light rays to travel from the QS3 star to the Earth = (8 x 1014) / (3 x 105) seconds or 86 Earth-years approximately (1 Earth year = 360 days). So if you observe the QS3 star now, you find a picture of it which is approximately 86 Earth-years old. But at the present state of the Cosmos when the rate of its deflation is very low, the distance between the Earth and the QS3 star does not change significantly even in around 86 Earth-years. Therefore, if you can identify a star in our galaxy, which is around 8 x 1014 km away from the Earth and has a radius of 69497760 km and orbital velocity of 12.91485835 km/sec (refer to page 47 & 48 - present parameters of QS3), the star is definitely the QS3 star. The QS4 cosmic body lies at the center of our galaxy and is a black cosmic body (or black hole) with a radius of 694671446 km.

      After having identified the QS2 and QS3 cosmic bodies in our galaxy, you need to study the orbital movements of our Sun (QS1), QS2 and QS3. I can assure you that you will observe the orbital movement of our Sun around QS2, that of QS2 around QS3 and that of QS3 around the center of our galaxy, where QS4 is situated.

    • Confirmation of the Model

      The radii, orbital velocities and distances from the respective centers of orbital paths of QS2, QS3 and QS4 (page 47 & 48 - Chapter X) have been determined by using the equations (18) to (35) and Chart I. But the equations (18), (18A) and (20) to (23) are corollaries to the equations (10) and (16), which are based on the definition of V2D in the Chapter IV. If you are now able to identify QS2, QS3 and QS4 cosmic bodies in our galaxy by their present parameters which have been determined by using the aforesaid equations, it can be said that the equations are true. If these equations are true, the model of the Cosmos as stated in the book is also true.

    • Space Density and Astronomical Images

      As per determination of the present parameters of QS3 (page 47), the approximate distance of the solar system from the center of QS4 (center of our galaxy) = 8 x 1017 km. But as determined by the scientists by observation through telescopes, the distance of our Sun from the center of our galaxy = 2.5 x 1017 km. This means that QS4 is seen nearer than its actual position. Though the picture of QS4 we see now is about 86000 Earth-years old, the distance between QS4 and the solar system has not changed as significantly in the past 86000 years as the difference between the calculated distance and the observed distance shows. So either the present technique of observing the galactic bodies is not full-proof or the light coming from the surroundings of the center of our galaxy are being refracted due to difference in the density of the media through which the light is traveling. In the second case, since QS4 is seen nearer, the light from its surroundings must be traveling from a denser medium to a rarer medium. This phenomenon of refraction is observed on Earth where a medium is defined as a composition of material particles having uniform density. But the general understanding is that the region between the Earth and QS4 is space where no material particle can be found. It is said to be a region of complete vacuum. So how can the refraction of light occur in space? To clarify this, let us refer to page 6, paragraph 3 of the book, which states that simultaneous creation of material and dark particles occur in the Cosmos. As the Cosmos expands, the layer of dark particles created first, moves to the boundary of the Cosmos, the layer created second, moves to the second position from the boundary, the layer created third, moves to the third position from the boundary and so on (like formation of waves when a stir is created in the water of a pond). Consequently, the density of a layer near the boundary of the Cosmos is rarer than that of a layer near the center of the Cosmos. Therefore, light emitted from somewhere near the center of the Cosmos travels from a denser medium of dark particles to successive rarer media of dark particles situated away from the center of the Cosmos (Diagram An1).

      Do these dark particles cause refraction of the rays of light like material particles of a medium? In the page 6 of the book, the dark particles are described as subtle particles which are material in nature and ingredient. In that case, if light travels from a denser layer of dark particles to a rarer layer of dark particles and vice versa, it should undergo refraction.

      From the Chapter III, page 17 (Topic: Planes of Orbital Paths) of the book, we understand that the orbital planes of all cosmic bodies are different. Also from the Chapter XIV, page 64, we know that a Q-cosmic body is further away from the center of the Cosmos (CC) than its parent Q-cosmic body. Therefore, our Sun is further away from the CC than QS2, QS2 is further away from the CC than QS3 and QS3 is further away from the CC than QS4. In other words, QS4 orbits in a layer (of dark particles) which is denser than the layer in which QS3 orbits, QS3 orbits in a layer which is denser than the layer in which QS2 orbits, QS2 orbits in a layer which is denser than the layer in which QS1 orbits. So light emitted from the vicinity of QS4 travels from the denser layer of dark particles to successive rarer layers of dark particles to reach us. Consequently, the vicinity of QS4 is seen nearer than its actual position by us (Diagram An2). Besides QS4 is magnified due to the effect of refraction.

      The above explanation is based on the following notions:

      1) The present technique of determining the distances of galactic bodies by the scientists is nearly full-proof;

      2) The rays of light emitted by the distant cosmic bodies get refracted by different layers of dark particles in the space.

      Numerous curved layers of dark particles having different densities result in mirage effects on the observer's eyes on the Earth. So the observer sees multiple images of a star in the sky (Diagram An3). This is similar to a Fata Morgana of the Farallon Islands near San Francisco or the commonly known frames of artificial mirage created in a glass jar containing layers of solutions of various densities.

      Since there are numerous carved layers of dark particles having different densities in our galaxy, we may see millions of images of a single star in numerous places in the sky due to both reflection and refraction effects. Besides we may see multiple images of a star situated on the back side of QS4 (black hole) due to gravitational lensing. We may also see multiple images of a star or a galaxy due to the reasons described in the Chapter XV.

      Because of the multiple phenomena as described above, except for the 399 real stars in our galaxy (determined in the Chapter XIV), the remaining billions of stars that you see through your telescope are images of the real stars. Similarly, except for the seven real galaxies in our Universe, the remaining billions of galaxies that you see are images of the real galaxies.

      Yet it should not be difficult for the astronomers to locate QS2 and QS3 in our galaxy because they know how to identify a real star and an image of it. Besides they now know the parameters of these cosmic bodies from the Chapter X of the book. If any of them is identified, the technique of measurement of the distances of distant stars can be suitably modified for accurate measurements in future.


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